A woman participates in a march of indigenous people through the streets of Atalaia do Norte in Brazil's Amazon region March 27, 2019. The Vatican was to release the working document for the Synod of Bishops for the Amazon June 17. CNS photo/Paul Jeffrey

Married priests on synod agenda

By  Junno Arocho Esteves, Catholic News Service
  • June 17, 2019

VATICAN CITY -- An upcoming Synod of Bishops will study the feasibility of ordaining married men in the Amazon region to compensate for a shortage of priests.

Updated 2019-06-20:
Various minor changes.

The Catholic Church must find ways to reach Indigenous Catholics deprived of the sacraments in the most remote areas of the Amazon rainforest, and that may include ordaining married elders, said the working document for the Synod of Bishops on the Amazon.

The document affirmed that “celibacy is a gift for the Church,” but said that bishops will consider “the possibility of priestly ordination for elders — preferably Indigenous, respected and accepted by the community — even though they have an established and stable family.” 

Published by the Vatican June 17, the document also said the Church should consider “an official ministry that can be conferred upon women, taking into account the central role they play in the Amazonian Church.”

The document, drafted after input from bishops’ conferences and local communities, acknowledged that in the Church “the feminine presence in communities isn’t always valued.”

Those responding to a synod questionnaire asked that women’s “gifts and talents” be recognized and that the Church “guarantee women leadership as well as increasingly broad and relevant space in the field of formation: theology, catechesis, liturgy and schools of faith and politics,” the 45-page document said.

The synod gathering in October will reflect on the theme “Amazonia: New paths for the Church and for an integral ecology.” In that regard, the synod “revolves around life: the life of the Amazonian territory and its people, the life of the Church (and) the life of the planet,” the document said.

When he announced the synod in 2017, Pope Francis said it would seek to identify new paths of evangelization, especially for Indigenous people who are “often forgotten and left without the prospect of a peaceful future, including because of the crisis of the Amazon forest,” which plays a vital role in the environmental health of the entire planet.

The Amazon rainforest includes territory spread across Brazil, Ecuador, Venezuela, Suriname, Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, Guyana and French Guiana and is the largest rainforest in the world, covering more than 2.1 million square miles in South America. While rich in biodiversity, natural resources and cultures, the rainforest has experienced significant deforestation, negatively impacting the Indigenous populations in the area and leading to a loss of biodiversity.

Divided into three main parts, the synod document first laid out the importance of the Amazonian region as well as the environmental threats facing it and its Indigenous populations.

“Currently, climate change and the increase in human intervention — deforestation, fires and changes in the use of land — are driving the Amazon to a point of no return with high rates of deforestation, forced population displacement and pollution, putting its ecosystems at risk and exerting pressure on local cultures,” it said.

To respond to the needs and challenges facing the Amazon and its Indigenous populations, it added, the Church must have a “new sense of mission” that “opens new spaces” for finding ways to minister with and to the region’s people.

“This is the moment to listen to the voice of the Amazon and to respond as a prophetic and Samaritan Church,” the working document said.

The document’s second part highlighted the dangers facing the region and its people who are threatened by those “guided by an economic model linked to production, commercialization and consumption, where the maximizing of profit is prioritized over human and environmental needs.”

Drug and arms trafficking, corruption, violence against women, forced migration and the exploitation of Indigenous people and their territories, particularly those in “voluntary isolation,” are among the other challenges the Church must confront.

Among suggestions proposed in the document’s third part was the formation of Indigenous laity so they can take on a greater role, especially in remote areas lacking the presence of priests and religious men and women. 

“The sacraments must be a source of life and healing that is accessible to all, especially to the poor. We are asked to overcome the rigidity of a discipline that excludes and alienates” and instead offer “a pastoral sensitivity that accompanies and integrates.”

In order to help communities that find it difficult to celebrate the Eucharist due to lack of priests, it added, the Church is asked to “change the criteria for selecting and preparing authorized ministers to celebrate it” and to work toward a “ministry of presence” and not simply the itinerant visits of a priest passing through.

The document said the Church is called to play “a prophetic role” in the Amazon and its evangelizing mission in the region implies “a commitment to promote the rights of the Indigenous people.”

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