Catholic and Orthodox patriarchs meet in Bkerke, Lebanon, Jan. 27 to address the crises in the Middle East. Pictured from left to right are Melkite Catholic Patriarch Gregoire III Laham; Greek Orthodox Patriarch John X of Antioch; Lebanese Cardinal Becha ra Rai, Maronite patriarch; Syriac Orthodox Patriarch Ignatius Aphrem II; and Syriac Catholic Patriarch Ignace Joseph III Younan. CNS photo/Mychel Akl, courtesy Maronite Catholic patriarchate

Melkite, Orthodox patriarchs urge world to work to solve Syrian crisis

By  Doreen Abi Raad, Catholic News Service
  • February 27, 2015

BEIRUT - Two Syrian-born patriarchs separately urged the international community to work together to address the crisis in Syria and the region.

Melkite Catholic Patriarch Gregoire III Laham, speaking to Catholic News Service Feb. 26 from the patriarchate in Damascus, Syria, said "it is shocking that the whole world" has not responded in a proper way to the crisis in Syria. He called for unity in reference to the Islamic State onslaught against Assyrian Christian villages in the Khabur region of northeast Syria.

Various reports listed those captured by Islamic State as ranging from 150 people to more than 400. Fr. Emanuel Youkhana, who heads the Christian Aid Program Northern Iraq, CAPNI, said none of the more than 50 families in one entire village managed to flee during the assault, which began in the pre-dawn hours of Feb. 23. He said he expected the number of displaced registered families from 35 villages to reach 1,200 families. They have been sheltering in homes and churches in Hassakeh and in Qamishli.

So far, he said, about 15 young Assyrians had been killed; many of them were fighting to defend and protect villages and families.

"It is time for the international community to work very closely with Syria and also with Iraq, who are really the real victims of these 'takfiri' and jihadist groups," Laham said.

The terrorists, he said, "are surely supported by — maybe Turkey, maybe Arabs, I don't know — otherwise, how can they be so powerful if they are not supported by some countries?"

Rather than the "very unrealistic" current approach "to support the weak and divided so-called opposition, it is better and more realistic to help Syria and get together to overcome these jihadist takfiri and inhumane groups of Daesh (the Arabic acronym for Islamic State) and so on," Laham said.

"This is how we can overcome this crisis, which is dangerous not only for Syria and Iraq but also for the Arab world and the European world. We have victims now in France, in London, in America, and so on.

"Today the danger is an extremely universal one," he warned.

He said the Arab world and the Islamic world need unity and noted that "the Islamic world is able to really give a common position against these groups who are saying they are Islamic groups, but they are not."

Laham said he has been in contact by phone with Bishop Aprim Nathniel of the Assyrian Church of the East in Hassekeh, Syria, who is hosting and supporting the displaced. Laham expressed concern about the fate of the churches in the 35 villages the Assyrian Christians fled, noting that there is at least one church per village; he said nothing was yet known about their status.

"Here in Damascus, we are praying with the people. During Lent, we have daily prayers, and I can say with pride that almost all of our churches are full each day."

In a Feb. 25 statement, Syriac Orthodox Patriarch Ignatius Aphrem II of Antioch condemned the killings and terrorist acts that targeted the Christians of the Khabur region. He called upon the international community to work for the "immediate and unconditional release" of all kidnapped and detained people.

The patriarch, a native of Qamishli, Syria, urged "all people of goodwill to intervene in support of a peaceful solution of the crisis in the region," emphasizing the need "to stop the direct and indirect support for the terrorist organizations and to implement the decisions of the UN Security Council concerning the indirect financing of these organizations."

In his statement, released during a pastoral visit to the Netherlands, he said he prays for those who died in the Khabur attacks and for the return of those who were forced to leave their homes and villages.

Bassam Ishak, president of the Syriac National Council of Syria, said Feb. 27 that he believed Islamic State militants were headed for a new offensive, and he called for international military intervention.

"Christians in the city of Hassakeh called me. They are very scared," he said.

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